What is Cancer?
‘What is cancer‘ is one of the most common questions ever asked in medical history. Cancer is a form of abnormal cell growth in the body that may become uncontrollable if ignored for a long period. The disease may originate in almost any organs of the body and spread to other areas by the process of metastasis. Cancer usually develops in a specific pattern of stages and the intensity of the disease increases as it progresses to a higher stage.
Cancer cells are the abnormal cells that grow uncontrollably, function inefficiently, and invade other normal cells and tissues. These malignant cells attack some of the vital tissues and restrict them from supplying the necessary resources to various different parts of the body. Due to a lack of resources like oxygen and blood, the normal healthy cells become weak and inefficient to function normally and tend to join the cancerous cells.
Cancerous cells also bring about an abrupt division and growth of cells and also prevent the old cells from dying in the natural way. This leads to the generation of a considerable amount of excess cells in the body. The process of abnormal cell growth disturbs the coordination between various metabolic activities occurring in the body and hampers the overall development process. This forces even the normal and healthy cells and tissues to behave abnormally and spread the cancerous infection further. Such cells accumulate in a particular area to form a lump-like structure called a tumor. These tumors are primarily responsible to spread the infection rapidly to other parts of the body and increase the intensity of the disease.
Tumors can be benign or cancerous. Cancerous tumors are the ones who lead the basis for cancer by invading healthy cells and tissues. These tumors have a tendency to metastasize and can spread to other areas of the body by way of metastasis. It is difficult to eliminate cancerous tumors as they have a tendency to regenerate. They need to be controlled by some of the harshest cancer treatments like radiotherapy and chemical therapy. It is difficult to remove such tumors by surgery alone.
Benign tumors are comparatively harmless and do not affect the normal body cells and tissues. They may appear as a lump and look quite similar to cancer tumors. Thus, a thorough diagnosis is necessary to decide whether a tumor is malignant or benign. Benign tumors can be eliminated quite easily by surgical methods. They generally do not recur and refrain from causing further health complications. Benign tumors may turn cancerous if left unattended for a long time and thus, should be eliminated immediately on their detection.
What is cancer origin?
Cancer can develop in any part of the body. Prostate, breast, and lung cancers are the most common forms of cancers worldwide. Lung, abdominal, prostate, breast, colon and rectum, liver, and bone cancer are some of the major types of cancers. They may originate in the organ itself or may metastasize from other parts of the body through metastasis. Cancer originating in the respective organ is known as primary cancer while the one that reaches the organ by process of metastasis is called secondary cancer. Secondary cancers cause more damage than the primary ones as they impact a large number of areas simultaneously.
What is the cancer scenario today?
Prostate cancer occurs only in males and is one of the major types accounting for almost 29% of the overall cancer cases. Breast cancer is prevalent mostly in females and accounts for approximately 30% of the overall cancer cases in females. Lung and bronchus cancer is another major form accounting for around 14% cases in both males and females. Colon and rectum cancer is the fourth most common cancer occurring in both males and females and is detected in around 6% of the overall cancer cases.
Lung and bronchus cancer is the leading cause of deaths due to cancer and accounts for approximately 28% and 26% of the overall cancer deaths in men and women respectively. Prostate cancer is responsible for 11% of cancer deaths while breast cancer accounts for around 15% of cancer deaths. Colon and rectum cancer is responsible for 8% and 9% of the overall cancer deaths in men and women respectively. Other forms of cancer are not that common but may lead to many severe disorders if the cancerous tumors are allowed to grow uncontrollably. Immediate treatment has to be undertaken after the detection of tumors or any other cell abnormalities in the body.
Many contemporary techniques have been developed to make the cancer detection process easier and faster. Biopsy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans are some of the basic and commonly adopted techniques to detect and locate cancer tumors. Computed tomography (CT) scan, fine-needle aspiration biopsy, and ultrasound are some other reliable techniques to inspect the body for cancerous growth of tumors.
Cancer treatments mainly depend on when and how the cancer tumors are detected. Usually, the treatments are light if tumors are detected in the initial or developmental stages. Cancer treatment is most aggressive in the fourth stage and the main aim is to avoid further growth of cancer cells. Apart from allopathic treatments, cancer can also be controlled by some other forms of therapies like Ayurveda, homeopathy, and certain home remedies.
‘What is cancer’ can be understood thoroughly if the major causes and symptoms of the disease are studied carefully. Smoking, drinking and tobacco chewing are some of the major causes of the disease. Presence of Human Papillomavirus (HPV), AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), and other sexually transmitted diseases can make a person more vulnerable to cancer infection. Difficulties in breathing, improper food digestion, abdominal pains, and improper bowel movements are some of the early signs of cancer. Sudden weakness, loss of appetite, weight loss, and difficulties in normal body movements should be taken seriously. All cancers are curable if a systematic pattern of treatment is followed under thorough medical supervision.
Cancer is an abnormal cell-growth occurring in the human body and may originate from any of the areas or organs. The disorder can be very dangerous, or even fatal if ignored for long. It develops in the form of tumors that have a typical tendency to metastasize. Such tumors metastasize or spread to various parts of the body via the bloodstream.
Cancerous infection is of various types and may affect various areas of the body simultaneously or phase-wise. The most common and fatal forms of the disorder are the ones originating in the lungs, liver, kidney, colon, rectum, or bowel. All tumors are not of the same type. Apart from the cancerous ones, there is another type of tumor known as a benign tumor. Benign ones are usually risk-free for the body and do not cause damage like the cancerous or malignant ones. Cancerous tumors are dangerous because of their ability to metastasize and need to be treated on an urgent basis.
What causes cancer?
Cancerous cells may originate due to a variety of risk factors and may increase its intensity in due time. Hereditary and genetic factors, personal background of the infection or treatment taken for the same, and family background of the disease may put a person at risk. Tobacco consumption, excess exposure to harmful radiation, smoking, and intake of other carcinogenic substances cause cell abnormality. Proper understanding of causes and symptoms can help to curb abnormal cell-growth to a great extent.
Cancerous growth may sound an incurable disease, but certainly, it may be treated if diagnosed in the early stages. Prompt treatment may be helpful to increase the life expectancy in a person suffering from the disease. This website provides you useful information about the types of cancerous development, their various stages, the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, and other relevant information. This information has been produced after extensive research on the case studies and experts knowledge on the subject.
The symptoms of any type of cancer may not be physically suspected. One needs to undergo several diagnostic tests and examinations. Just like the causes, even the symptoms are dependent on the type of cancerous growth. The signs also depend on the location of the malignant cell development. Nevertheless, there may not be any significant symptom or sign for some of the malignancies for a long time, this is when it becomes important to detect the cell abnormality and treat it before the condition worsens. Some of the common symptoms are weight loss, fatigue, loss of appetite, and fever.
Before one can confirm malignant growth, few tests such as X-rays, biopsy, blood tests, CT scans, etc. may be done. These tests and examinations help to diagnose the disease, as well as analyzing the level of the growth and consequent danger to life.
Based on the symptoms and the diagnosis of cancer and its stage, the treatments begin. As said earlier, the cell abnormality may not be cured but certainly treated to extend the life span of the person suffering from the disease. In certain cases, the removal of unwanted cell growth is the solution, in case the cell growth is isolated to a certain organ or a small area. However, if the cell growth is large, radiation treatments and chemotherapy may be beneficial.
You may be a layman for the medical field hence, the website contains articles written with consideration to this factor with easy understandability and simplified language. We regularly update the website content as soon as there is any update in the medical field related to cancer such as its treatments, surgeries, symptoms, or causes to keep you informed with the latest information on the same.
This article aims at answering your queries related to various types of the disorder and malignant tumors. However, we advise you to consult a specialized physician, before simply following the treatments or remedies prescribed through the articles of the website.
The website contains general information about various types of cancer, to help you to get an overview of the problem, its complexity, whether or not a treatment is available for the condition, ways to diagnose the condition, precautions to avoid the unwarranted growth of the cancerous cells and many more informational data to educate about the disease and to help fight it. So, by reading the articles on the website, you may not be able to diagnose or treat the abnormal cell-growth on your own, but certainly, the articles will add up to your basic information about the disease as basic information for any medical problem is useful for a person.
The articles for the website are written by professionals and are a result of optimum research. To help you save your time in searching, the layout of the website is simple. To make your search better, we have categorized the types of cancers in the left pane of the webpage and included the relevant information such as its symptoms, diagnosis, causes, and treatments under it. The categories are sorted in ascending order.
We have put in all efforts to provide our visitors with the correct, reliable, and optimum information possible related to cancer so that they get a one-stop answer to all their queries. However, we aim at providing you the information and do not prescribe any solution. We request you to use this information as your knowledge base to get an insight and consult your doctor for the exact solution of your problem.
You may make use of this research and the given articles to help your knowledge about this disease.
Cancer symptoms are very helpful in treating cancer reliably and effectively. They help to treat the disease in a particular pattern suitable to the victim and make variations in the line of treatment according to his response. Symptoms are also useful to understand the intensity of malignant tumors and help in reliably diagnosing them.
What are the symptoms of cancer?
Symptoms of cancer are the indications or reactions the victim’s body shows to abnormal cell growth. Usually, most of the symptoms are seen in or around the areas where the parent tumor develops. These tumors have a high tendency to metastasize and the symptoms may also be detected in many vital parts of the body simultaneously. Symptoms also indicate the unexpected changes in the body that take place in a considerably short period. They are the foundation on which the whole cancer treatment process is planned. Thus, a thorough and correct detection of symptoms is necessary.
Importance and dimensions of cancer symptoms
Symptoms of cancer are important to understand because they are the key to understanding the severity of cancer present in your body. Cancerous cells can be eliminated if the disease is detected right in the initial or developmental stages. Even the slightest of the symptoms can be a good breakthrough to go for a thorough medical examination of the body.
Symptoms of cancer can be different for different persons and also vary from stage to stage. In the initial stages, where the malignant cells are inactive and less intense, the symptoms can be very basic like frequent pains, soreness, redness, etc.
In the second and the third stages, symptoms of cancer get more intense and appear in the form of lumps that are commonly known as tumors. Such tumors develop a tendency to spread quickly. Once the tumors begin to metastasize, the intensity and appearance of symptoms change considerably. They do not limit themselves to general pain and soreness but target the vital organs of the body and cause severe problems in their normal functioning.
The fourth stage is the most advanced stage of cancer and the symptoms displayed are quite alarming and visible. The formation of severe tumors in various parts of the body is the most common symptom.
Symptoms are also based on the nature of cancer. The cancerous cells show major symptoms in the organs they invade and force the other organs to function inefficiently over time. Some cancers develop gradually while some may develop quite rapidly. All such factors are also considered while diagnosing symptoms for the presence of cancerous cells.
Symptoms are also based on the age of the victim. Cancer is a kind of disease that usually occurs in adults above 45 years of age. Some cancers are also gender-based. Major forms of cancers like breast, uterine, and vaginal occur only in women while other common forms like prostate and penile cancer occur mainly in men. Thus, symptoms of the disease also depend upon the sex of the victim.
The quality of diagnosis techniques used is another important dimension of symptoms related to cancer. Such techniques play a vital role in detecting the tumors in time and helping the victim to approach the correct form of treatment.
Vital cancer symptoms
Symptoms vary from cancer to cancer. Persons suffering from cancer in the digestive system may experience abdominal pains, unusual bowel movements, problems in swallowing and digesting food, and passage of blood through stools. The patients suffering from cancer-related to the respiratory system may suffer from severe problems in breathing, pains in the abdominal areas, and frequent infections.
In some other forms of cancer-related to anus, uterus, and penis, the victim may experience severe pains and problems while discharging body wastes. The symptoms can also be in the form of infections and ulcers that do not heal by normal medication. Unnatural discharge, bleeding, and injuries that do not recover within an expected tenure are good indications of cell abnormalities in the body.
In some cancers like bone, colorectal, lung, and stomach, the symptoms may be in the form of fatigue, weight loss, considerable loss of appetite, and discomfort in normal body movements. Hence, it is necessary to diagnose the cancerous cells thoroughly and detect their origin. This immensely helps in interpreting the symptoms most feasibly and plan for the elimination of malignant tumors accordingly.
Cancer symptoms are very helpful in minimizing the side effects caused due to cancer treatments. Surgery is the right form of treatment only in the initial stages of the disease. The treatment patterns become severe with the rise in the intensity of cancerous cells. Thus, ignoring symptoms can prove very costly and allow the cancerous cells to develop more freely and rapidly. You should consult a cancer specialist if any of the above symptoms are detected. Also, any other abnormalities in the body that do not get cured by normal medication should be scanned for cancerous growth.
Cancer awareness is one of the most researched subjects in medical history. Cancer is one of the deadliest diseases in the world and the number of people being prone to it is increasing consistently. Awareness about cancer can help the victims to prevent him from being infected by cancerous cells and also guide him to deal with the disease more constructively.
Meaning of Cancer awareness
The concept of cancer awareness has a wide scope. The main aim is to make people aware of the disease and prevent them from being vulnerable to cancerous attack. Awareness enables the cancer patients to know more about the causes, symptoms, and treatment patterns of the disease and makes them aware of the consequences right in the early stages of cancerous development of cells.
Relevance of cancer awareness
The most important dimension of awareness for cancer is to make people familiar with the process of the generation of cancerous cells in the body. The cancerous cells are a bunch of infected cells that behave abnormally and attack the healthy tissues and cells. Over time, these tissues and cells lose their potential to function efficiently and tend to behave abnormally. Abnormal behavior of such vital cells and tissues develops an ability to function as the malignant ones and thus the cycle of generation of cancerous cells continues.
Inefficient functioning of tissues results in an insufficient supply of essential resources like blood and oxygen to other parts of the body and disturbs the overall process of cell growth. Poor or faulty cell growth leads to the generation of excess and unnecessary cells in the body. Such excess cells form groups and accumulate to form tumors. Such tumors have a high tendency to metastasize and may spread to other parts of the body in due time. Also, the chances of regeneration of such cancerous tumors are very high even if treated with reliable cancer treatments in the past.
Dimensions of cancer awareness
Awareness about cancer depends upon several factors. Age is one of the most important and primary factors in making people aware of the disease. The risk of being prone to the disease increases with age and adults usually above 45 years of age are highly prone to it.
Some cancers are also gender-specific. Prostate and penile cancers occur only in males while breast, uterine, vaginal, and ovarian cancers occur specifically in females. Thus, the awareness about cancer should be given by the nature and origin of cancerous cells.
Tumors can be of two main types as benign and cancerous. Benign tumors are usually non-cancerous and are harmless to body cells and tissues. They can be eliminated by surgery and have very less chances of recurrence. Cancerous tumors are more dangerous as compared to benign ones and may regenerate quite easily. They also put a bad impact on body cells and tissues and restrict the organs from functioning normally. Thus, knowing the difference between cancerous and benign tumors is very important as a part of awareness about cancer.
Personal and family history of the disease is another important dimension to be taken into consideration. Persons having such medical history are at high risk of being prone to cancerous development and must undergo a thorough medical examination regularly. Bad immune systems can be disadvantageous. Weak health encourages the cancerous or malignant cells to develop more freely and without any considerable resistance from the body cells and tissues. Thus, a strong immune system is necessary to resist the malignant cells more effectively. You must have a balanced diet that is rich in proteins, vitamins, and nutrients and low in fats.
Smoking, presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the body, AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), and other sexually transmitted diseases, excess alcoholism, and chewing tobacco can be dangerous as they are some of the major factors causing the development of cancerous cells.
Abdominal pains, bone pains, problems in swallowing and digesting food, severe infections, injuries, and ulcers that do not heal by normal medication, and breathing problems are some of the prime symptoms of cancer. Some other indications like the unexpected loss of weight, a considerable change in appetite, anemia, and frequent body pains or regular pains in a particular region must be taken seriously. Such symptoms are also common with many other non-cancerous diseases but should be diagnosed thoroughly for chances of any cell abnormalities.
Cancer can be detected and thoroughly diagnosed by some of the contemporary techniques like biopsy, fine-needle aspiration biopsy, endoscopy, computed tomography (CT) scan, ultrasound, and X-rays. Some other methods like positron emission tomography (PET) test and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan are also useful in detecting tumors.
Radiotherapy is one of the most major and severe forms of cancer treatments wherein the tumors are destroyed or controlled by exposure to radiation. Surgery is a common form of treatment for cancers in the initial stages. Chemical therapy is another important form of treatment wherein the cancerous cells are treated by the application of chemicals. Surgery can also be done in combination with radiation or chemical therapy.
Cancerous treatment can be allopathic, homeopathic, or Ayurvedic. Allopathic treatment is the most common form of treatment. Other treatments are not proved to be effective enough to cure the cancer instantly or as fast as allopathic ones. But they play a major role in making your body more resistant to cancerous infections and help in preventing their recurrence.
Cancer awareness is very important to fight this deadliest disease. Cancer is of various types and may develop in some of the vital parts of the body. The disease is curable if detected in early stages but can be fatal if the symptoms are ignored for too long. Cancer cells have a typical tendency to metastasize and may spread to various parts of the body in a considerably short period.
Hence, one must be very particular about his health issues and consult a physician in case of any abnormalities.
Cancer treatment is one of the key concepts related to the study of cancer. Understanding the treatment for cancer is very important to treat the tumors with maximum reliability. This also helps in treating the tumors with the least damage to the body of the victim and proves advantageous in minimizing the chances of redevelopment of tumor cells.
Understanding cancer treatment
Treatment for cancerous infections is very sensitive and should be taken in the right manner. Taking any unsuitable or unreliable treatment for cancer can be very risky and cause irreversible damage to the body cells and tissues. Intensity and tenure of treatment for cancer depends on the character and growth of malignant tumors. Tumor cells can be controlled effectively if detected in time. Chances of curing these malignant cells decrease with an increase in the intensity of cancerous infection. Thus, thorough detection and diagnosis of cancer tumors is very important to plan out the right kind of treatment.
Treatment for cancer usually means the efforts taken for diagnosing and treating the abnormal cells. The main aim of the treatment is to kill the malignant cells and prevent them from further infecting the victim’s body. When the cancerous cells invade healthy cells and tissues, such normal tissues and cells are forced to behave abnormally due to a lack of vital resources like oxygen and blood. Such abnormal behavior can cause severe damage to some of the vital parts of the body if not controlled in time.
Hence, one of the major concerns of the treatment for cancer is to restrict the cancerous cells from metastasizing. It may use some of the harshest medical techniques to curb or kill such cells as their presence cannot be tolerated for too long. Another main purpose of the treatment is to restore a strong immune system in the victim’s body to make him more resistant to cancer attacks in the future. This also helps in gaining maximum benefits from the prescribed medication.
Dimensions of cancer treatment
Taking an apt treatment for cancer is very important to eliminate or curb the abnormal cell growth. The origin of the cancerous cells is the most important aspect of planning a proper treatment for cancer. Not all cancers metastasize at the same pace. Some cancers like the ones originating in the bones, head and neck areas, bloodstream, lungs, abdomen, lymph nodes, and breast grow at a faster pace as compared to other forms. Also, these forms of cancers contribute to the maximum cancer deaths worldwide and need a severe form of treatment.
Treatment for cancer also depends upon the nature of tumors. Tumors are usually benign or cancerous. Benign tumors are also termed as non-cancerous or pre-cancerous and are generally harmless to the human body. They do not kill or invade normal cells and tissues and restrict themselves to a particular region. They can be controlled easily because of their inability to metastasize. Also, some of the basic forms of treatments like surgery and regular medication are sufficient to control such tumors and they show very less chances to redevelop.
Cancerous tumors are the ones that are responsible for cancerous development in the body. These tumors damage the live cells and tissues very badly and do not allow them to function efficiently. Such cells become abnormal over some time and accumulate to form a lump or tumor. These cancerous tumors have high chances of recurrence and metastasize very rapidly. Such malignant tumors need a harsh form of treatment as compared to the benign ones and should be treated under thorough medical supervision.
Age, sex, and personal or medical history of the disease also matters in prescribing a viable treatment for cancer. Personal habits and physical attributes also play a main role in undergoing a cancer cure. Causes and symptoms may vary from person to person and primarily depend on the organ or the area in which the malignant tumors develop.
Common cancer treatments
Treatments for cancer can be of various types and usually depends upon the cancer stage a person is suffering from.
Surgery is the most common and basic kind of treatment. It is very effective for treating benign tumors. It can also reliably treat the cancerous tumors formed in the initial or the first stage of cancer. Surgery is also recommended for treating tumors in the second and third stages of cancer but can be accompanied by some other treatments like chemical and radiation therapy.
Chemotherapy is another important kind of treatment to cure cancerous tumors. It is usually recommended if the cancer has reached an advanced stage. This treatment can also be prescribed in the second and third stages of the disease and can be undertaken simultaneously with surgery.
Radiotherapy is the most advanced form of cancer treatment and is usually taken as the last resort for treating malignant tumors. It focuses more on killing the cells and destroying the infected areas instead of treating the tumors individually. Thus, this also leads to severe damage to the cells and tissues adjacent to the infected areas and causes permanent damage to the overall body functioning.
Cancer treatments are usually severe and should be taken after considering the overall ability of the victim to tolerate such treatments. Treating cancer is a continuous process and depends mainly upon the response of cancer patients. The disease can be treated effectively if the patient responds well to the treatment and undergoes minimum side effects.
Cancer care covers a variety of areas related to cancer. Its primary focus is to interpret the symptoms correctly and bring about coordination between various combinations of treatment to treat the tumors with greater efficiency. Care for cancer also takes the various causes and symptoms into consideration and proposes the most viable treatment to eliminate as well as prevent the recurrence of cancer.
Aspects of cancer care
Cancer care covers a variety of aspects. They can be hereditary or environmental and also depend upon the habits of the victim. These aspects are important to understand because they can provide valuable guidelines in taking apt and feasible precautionary as well as curative measures to prevent cancerous development in the body.
- Age is one of the most basic aspects of care for cancer. The disease is very common in adults and only rare forms of cancer have chances of originating in children. Also, the cancerous growth is detected widely in people above 45 years of age. Thus, the age of the victim has to be considered before recommending him a pattern of cure. Also, the risk of being infected by cancer increases with age, and treating the tumors in older age is much difficult and the chances of survival are low.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the major causes of cancer and has to be considered seriously while guiding a patient to recover from cancer. The virus is originated mainly because of unsafe sex practices and involvement with multiple sex partners. There are various vaccines like Gardasil and Cervarix available to cure this virus. The virus plays a destructive role in lowering the resistance power of the body to a considerable extent and creates an environment conducive for the malignant cells to grow freely and rapidly. Hence, eliminating the virus at the earliest is very important to undergo a proper care pattern for cancer.
- Personal history of cancer is an important factor to be considered while planning a proper pattern to take care of cancer victims. People with such medical backgrounds are highly prone to the disease and need to undergo a regular medical examination for detecting the presence of cancerous cells in the body.
- A family history of cancer can also prove disadvantageous to a person as cancer is hereditary and may pass from one generation to another. Even the slightest of the symptoms regarding the disease should be diagnosed thoroughly and the presence of any sorts of cell abnormalities must be treated urgently.
- AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a kind of sexually transmitted disease and causes abnormalities in the immune system of the body. The disease can pave a way for rapid development of cancerous in the body and create considerable complications in eliminating them at the earliest. Once the tumors begin to metastasize, the task of curing them becomes even more difficult. Thus, persons infected by AIDS or other sexually transmitted diseases must be very particular about their health and habits.
- Smoking is injurious to health and has been a proven cause for most forms of cancers. It affects the lungs and digestive system badly and may also put a bad impact on many other vital organs of the body. They play a destructive role in weakening the health of body cells and tissues and weaken the coordination between them. Thus, people suffering from cancer or those who have been undergoing a medical examination for the presence of cancer cells must quit smoking and avoid the intake of any other carcinogenic substances.
- Excess alcoholism and chewing of tobacco must be avoided. These habits may lead to serious damages in the liver, digestive system, or adjacent areas and lead to severe health complications. Cancerous cells can develop more rapidly if the body cells and tissues are incapable to resist them effectively. Thus, such habits should be considered while undergoing cancer care.
- Injuries, ulcers, and infections that do not heal by usual medication must be considered for thorough medical examination.
Pattern of cancer care
Care for cancer can be in the form of treatment, therapies, home remedies, or even the cancer support. Radiation therapy and chemical treatment are the most basic forms of cancer treatments and can be carried simultaneously with surgery. Surgery is the most common form of treatment to cure tumors in the basic stages while the other two treatments are fruitful to cure tumors in advanced stages.
Allopathy is the most common and popular form of cancer treatment. Other forms like Ayurveda and homeopathy are useful in strengthening the immune system of the victim and are usually advantageous in the post-treatment stage of the disease. These therapies also benefit in preventing the rapid development of cancer cells and help to avoid their recurrence.
Home remedies are also useful to treat the cancer cells at a preliminary level. Keeping the immune system strong is the best home remedy to curb cancer infection. Regular fulfillment of bodily requirements of vitamins, proteins, and nutrients is quite advantageous to keep the cell behavior under control and prevents them from being abnormal. Balanced diet with the inclusion of vegetables, salads, and fruit can be very helpful.
Support groups also play an important role in cancer care. Some of the global organizations like the American Cancer Society, UK Cancer Research Trust, and National Cancer Institute of America are dedicated to the elimination of all forms of cancer and have been carrying out consistent and thorough cancer research to explore better cancer breakthroughs.
Cancer care can be effective only if taken with proper medical advice. Cancer cells develop quite rapidly and any deviation from the recommended treatment can prove costly. Contemporary methods to detect cancerous tumors are available worldwide to analyze the intensity and character of tumors. The victim should take advantage of such developments in the field of cancer to get the most feasible and reliable treatment.
Cancer is one of the most deadly diseases worldwide and is responsible for the maximum number of deaths caused due to any type of disease. The disease is caused mainly due to the generation and growth of cancerous cells in the body. Cancer can be of various types like anal, lung, bowel, abdominal, bone, skin, breast, kidney, liver, head and neck, etc. and almost all of them are fatal if not treated in time.
Importance of understanding cancer causes
Causes of cancer play a vital role in controlling the pace of the development of cancerous cells. Malignant cells can develop more freely and rapidly if the causes are severe. Cancer is curable only if the tumors are detected and diagnosed in the early stages. Delayed diagnosis or treatment can lead to irreversible damage to the body and create considerable complications in treating the tumors.
Understanding the causes of cancer is also helpful in diagnosing the intensity and character of tumors and helps in formulating the right kind of treatment. Causes form an important part of cancer research and are one of the most deciding factors in calculating prognosis, survival rate, and life expectancy for cancer patients.
Thorough analysis of causes helps in the early detection of tumors and prevents them from multiplying rapidly. If the causes are taken care of well in time, chances of preventing recurrence of cancerous infection are very high.
Major cancer causes
Cancer is one of the most complicated and highly researched diseases worldwide. Major causes and symptoms relating to cancer are also common with many other non-cancerous disorders. Thus, a thorough medical examination of the internal body is very important before deciding on whether the tumors are cancerous or non-cancerous.
- Smoking and consumption of other carcinogenic substances is the biggest cause of cancer. it affects the respiratory badly and kills healthy cells and tissues that are vital in the cell-growth process. It also affects the ability of normal cells to resist cancerous infection and creates conditions favorable for the rapid growth of malignant cells.
- Age is another important cause of cancer. Usually, the disease occurs in adults above 45 years of age. Also, the chances of being prone to the disease increases with age. Thus, a regular medical checkup is vital if any unexpected changes take place in the normal functioning of the body.
- Infections and ulcers that do not heal by regular medication must be taken seriously. Such disorders may instigate the normal cells and tissues to behave abruptly and pave way for cancerous development.
- Chewing tobacco and overconsumption of alcohol may lead to severe disorders in the body. These habits are the major causes of liver and oral cancer and may lead to serious and irreversible damage to the abdominal areas.
- Personal and family history of cancer puts a person at a disadvantage and makes him more susceptible to cancerous infection. Some of the cancers are hereditary and a regular medical checkup can be beneficial to detect any presence of cell abnormalities.
- Cancer treatment in the past makes your body cells and tissues weaker and prevents them from functioning efficiently. Treatments like chemical therapy and radiation therapy are some of the harshest forms of cancer treatments and treat the tumors by burning the infected area. This severely affects the adjacent tissues and forces them to behave abnormally.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) is another major and important factor responsible for the development of cancerous cells. The virus is developed mainly due to unsafe sexual activities and having multiple sex partners. The virus has been detected as a common cause in most types of cancers and safe sex is the only way to prevent being infected by HPV.
- Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is one of the most general causes of the cancers that are specifically related to the sex organs. Anal cancer, uterine cancer, and penile cancer are some of the major forms of cancers that are developed due to the presence of HIV in the body. Sexually transmitted diseases may also lead to the development of malignant tumors if not treated in time.
- Bad immune system plays a main role in creating conditions conducive for the malignant cells to develop rapidly and allows the tumors to metastasize with least resistance from the body cells and tissues. Weak immune system also makes your body more prone to frequent infections and weakens the ability of the body to fight diseases.
- An unhygienic diet is also another main cause of cancer in the human body. Foodstuffs rich in fat content and red meat should be avoided. Eating salads, fresh vegetables and fruits can be very helpful in making your body more resistant to cancerous infection.
- Cancer causes can be very helpful to analyze symptoms of the disease. They also help in making a person alert about the disease well in advance and prevent the growth of malignant cells in the body. Understanding the causes of cancer allows a person to consult a physician well in advance and diagnose the tumors right in the early stages. This is very helpful in eliminating the tumors and avoiding their regeneration. Also, the treatment can be undergone with the least complications.
Cancer cure deals with the overall cancer treatment pattern along with suggesting a few tips to minimize the side effects of the treatment and prevent the regeneration of malignant cells in the body. Cancer is one of the major diseases and is the most common cause of death due to any sort of disease. Thus, cancer research is being carried out consistently to explore the most feasible cure for the disease and make the treatment more reliable.
What is a cancer cure?
Cure for cancer is a set or pattern of treatments recommended to prevent, curb, or eliminate cancer cells and restrict them from regeneration. Cure also gives details about the various kinds of therapies fruitful to control malignant cells and helps in detecting and diagnosing tumors systematically and reliably.
- Aspects of cancer cure
- Cure for cancer depends upon several factors and the intensity of cure can be different for different persons. Also, the period of recovery from the disease may vary according to the health of the victim.
- Family and personal history of the disease is one of the prime causes of the disease and is given high priority while undergoing a cure for cancer. Persons having such medical background have to be treated more intensely as compared to those suffering from the cancer attack for the first time. Hence, such people should be more particular about their health and undergo a thorough medical inspection regularly.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) are some of the major causes of the disease. Such infections weaken the immune system of the body and encourage the malignant cells to develop more rapidly. Thus, the process of the formation of tumors gets faster and increases the severity of cancer in a considerably short time. Pattern of cure needs to be formulated in a manner effective to curb such infections and prevent the cancerous cells from taking advantage of the situation.
- Age is considered as one of the basic aspects to cure cancer. The disease generally develops in adults aged over 45 years and the risk of being vulnerable to cancerous attack increases with age.
- Previous history of cancer treatment is also an important aspect to be considered. Most of the cancer treatment is generally harsh and severely affects the normal functioning of the body. This also impacts some of the vital cells and tissues of the body and weakens the overall coordination between different areas of the body. Such people are highly susceptible to recurrence of cancer tumors.
- The nature of tumors also plays an important role in curing cancer. Benign tumors are easy to cure as compared to the cancerous ones and do not tend to regenerate. Cancerous tumors are comparatively difficult to eliminate and harsher treatment is necessary to control them effectively.
- The origin of cancerous cells is one of the most vital aspects to be considered while structuring a proper cure for cancer. Cancer is of various types and the abnormal cells can develop in almost any part of the body. Once generated, these malignant cells also spread to other areas of the body through metastasis leading to a considerable increase in the severity of the disease.
- Other factors like smoking, too much consumption of alcohol, and tobacco chewing are also considered while planning a proper cancer cure.
Forms of cancer cure
Cure for cancer can be of various types and depends upon the intensity and spread of cancerous cells.
- Allopathic treatments are the most commonly recommended curing techniques to treat cancer cells as they produce results much faster as compared to other types of cure. Radiation therapy, surgery, and chemical treatment are the most common and widely used forms of allopathic methods. These treatments are usually fast and can kill cancerous cells in a relatively shorter period. But the side effects of allopathic methods are very high and may even result in causing permanent damage to the victim’s body.
- Thus, such methods are recommended only when the need to kill malignant cells arises and there is no scope for any other techniques.
- Homeopathic methods are also quite popular in controlling cancer cells but are not as effective as allopathic ones. These methods benefit a person in strengthening his immune system and making him more resistant to cancerous growth. Also, the treatment is very effective to prevent the victim form regeneration of cancerous cells. The side effects of this method are quite rare and can be used in combination with the allopathic methods.
- Ayurvedic pattern of curing cancer is also quite popular these days. It is one of the oldest forms of medical treatments and believes mainly in finding and treating the source of the disease instead of focusing on the whole body. It comes with negligible side effects and can be highly effective in resisting the formation of tumors in the body. But the results shown are generally slow and the tenure of treatment is much longer as compared to allopathic ones.
- Support groups and family support also play a lead role in curing cancer. Some of the global support groups like the American Cancer Society, National Cancer Institute, and UK Cancer Research are quite dedicated and consistent in creating mass awareness about the disease and making people aware of the contemporary curing methods. Family support also helps the patient to recover faster and optimistically deal with the disease.
Cancer cure is the final and the most tedious step to cure cancerous tumors. Some of the latest diagnosis techniques like biopsy, positron emission tomography (PET) test, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, endoscopy, ultrasound, and computed tomography (CT) scan form the basis of a reliable cure for cancer.
Cancer detection is the most complicated but important job in curing the disease properly. In many cases, the cancer is detected in very advanced stages because of ignoring the indications given by the organs or areas infected by abnormal cells. Hence, it is very important to know the most feasible and practical methods of detecting the cancerous development of cells in the body.
Concept of cancer detection
Cancer is one of the most complicated diseases and needs a thorough diagnosis to confirm the presence of malignant cells. Most of the symptoms seen in the initial stages of cancer are quite subtle and common with many other body disorders that are not necessarily cancerous.
Even the tumors can be of cancerous and non-cancerous type. Benign tumor is the most common form of non-cancerous tumor. It doesn’t tend to metastasize and is not indulged in spreading infection. Usually, it restricts itself to a particular area. Benign tumors should not be confused with the cancerous ones though they appear quite similar to the malignant tumors. Treating benign tumors is easy and they rarely redevelop.
Cancerous tumors are the ones who metastasize and spread the cancerous infection rapidly. They may affect many vital parts of the body. Simultaneously, they force the live and healthy body tissues and cells to behave abruptly.
Detection of cancer is the detection of such abnormal cells formed during the generation of cancerous tumors. These abnormal cells spread to various parts of the body through lymph nodes and the bloodstream. Detection deals with finding the exact origin of such cells and the impact they have caused to the body.
Aspects of cancer detection
Cancer detection is a continuous process and a regular health examination is necessary to keep a track on the cell behavior. Usually, the cells do not show any tendency to divide and multiply uncontrollably in the initial stages but they may do so rapidly as the intensity of cancerous infection increases. Hence, tracking cell behavior is one of the most vital aspects of the detection of cancer.
Detection of cancer also depends upon the age of the victim. Most of the cancers occur in adults above 45 years of age and the threat of being prone to the disorder increases with age. Also, some of the cancers like prostate, penile and uterine cancers are gender-specific and the detection techniques need to be planned accordingly.
The process of detecting cancer is closely related to the habits and lifestyle of a person. Some habits like smoking and excess alcohol consumption lead to many other body disorders like abdominal pains, inefficient functioning of the liver, breathing problems, and difficulties in swallowing and digesting food. Ignoring such health problems for a long time may result in the development of cancerous cells in the abdomen, lungs, liver, or any other vital organs of the body. Thus, such habits need to be considered seriously while designing a proper detection process.
Personal and family history of cancer is also another important aspect of detecting cancer cells. Medical history of the disease makes a person highly susceptible to the cancerous infection and any abnormalities in the body should be thoroughly scanned for the presence of malignant tumors.
Guide to cancer detection
Detection of cancer can be done in various ways and usually depends on the stage in which the cancerous tumors are traced. Basic methods like X-rays, ultrasound, CT (Computed Tomography) scan, MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scan, and biopsy are quite efficient in detecting the tumors in the initial stages.
Some of the advanced tumor detection techniques like endoscopy, DRE (Digital Rectal Exam), endo-anal ultrasound, fine-needle aspiration biopsy, colonoscopy, and sigmoidoscopy are used to detect tumors in specific areas like rectum, anus, abdomen, lungs, etc.
Some of the basic symptoms of cancer include inefficient functioning of the digestive system, unexpected weight loss, considerable loss of appetite, formation of a lump in the internal or external areas of the body, infections,, and ulcers that do not heal by normal medication and frequent back pains. These indications can be related to various types of cancers and a thorough diagnosis of such symptoms is very important.
Initiating the process of detection of cancerous cells in the early stages increases the chances of curing the malignant infection completely. It also helps in minimizing the risk of recurrence of malignant tumors. Detection of cancer becomes easier if the victim gives due consideration to the symptoms well in time and consults a cancer specialist to decide upon the further course of action.
Cancer detection is very important to predict the extent of damage the cancerous cells may cause to the body. A proper and reliable treatment can be planned only when the presence of cancerous tumors is confirmed. Cancer treatments can be of various forms such as radiation and chemical therapy and surgery. Prescribing a particular kind of treatment largely depends upon when the tumors are detected. Thus, detection of cancer must be treated seriously and even the slightest of the symptoms should be given due attention.
Cancer diagnosis is probably the most important and tedious stage in curing cancer effectively. Diagnosis is important in many ways. Proper diagnosis validates the nature of causes and symptoms detected and the impact they may cause to the body. It also paves the way for better cancer research and forms an important basis to calculate the overall survival rate and prognosis.
What is a cancer diagnosis?
Detecting cancer cells is a difficult task and discovering their origin is even more difficult. Thus, a proper set of techniques need to be applied to detect the malignant tumors and understand their origin, intensity, and nature. Tumors can be of various forms and some of them are non-cancerous. Thus, confirming whether a tumor is cancerous or not comes within the scope of diagnosis of cancer.
Diagnosis of cancer also talks about the various complications that may arise during the development of cancer cells and takes the intensity and frequency of causes into consideration. Diagnosis uses some of the contemporary and reliable methods to inspect tumors and the overall pattern of cell development. It also takes advantage of new findings explored by cancer research and tries to coordinate them with the existing ones. Thus, the diagnosis of cancer is a continuous process and the pattern may change with the change in the stage of cancer.
Facets of cancer diagnosis
Diagnosis of cancer depends on a variety of factors. The process is very sensitive and even a slight change in the pattern of cell development may cause considerable deviations in the output of diagnosis. Thus, a thorough diagnosis pattern has to be followed and all the possibilities need to be taken into consideration.
- Personal and family history of cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer and needs to be considered seriously during diagnosis. Persons with such cancer history are more susceptible to cancerous attack and may display cancer symptoms in very early stages.
- Smoking is injurious to health and is also a major cause of cancer development in the body. It affects the lungs and vital areas of the digestive system badly. Hence, this habit has to be considered while diagnosing cancer.
- Excess drinking of alcohol is also proved to be risky and has been a common cause of cancer development. It is found to be a direct cause for liver, abdominal, and stomach cancer and has been an indirect cause for many other forms of cancers.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common causes of cancer. It has been a direct contributor to almost all types of cancers and is caused mainly due to improper sex practices. Having multiple sex partners is the biggest reason for being infected by this virus. AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and other sexually transmitted diseases have also been traced as common contributors for cancerous development. Diagnosis techniques for cancer have to take all these infections into consideration and design the medical examination pattern accordingly.
- The age of the victim has to be considered before diagnosing him for cancer. The disease generally develops in people aged above 45 years and the risk of being infected by malignant cells increases with age. Diagnosis techniques may vary from person to person and may not be the same for all age groups. Health complications increase with age and the diagnosis methods need to take all such complications into consideration.
- Tumors can be cancerous or benign. Benign tumors are harmless to the body and do not kill or damage healthy tissues and cells. Also, they can be eliminated completely by surgery and have rare possibilities of regeneration. Cancerous tumors are the ones who need to be diagnosed thoroughly as they pose a threat to vital cells and tissues and metastasize quite rapidly. Hence, the diagnosis pattern for cancer should be such that the nature of tumors is understood correctly and the future possibilities of the damage they may cause to the body are also considered properly.
- The immune system of the victim needs to be considered while diagnosing him for the presence of cancerous cells. Weak immune system provides the most favorable conditions for the cancerous cells to grow more freely and metastasize rapidly.
Cancer diagnosis techniques
Biopsy is the most common diagnostic technique used worldwide to detect the presence of cancerous cells in the body. Ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration biopsy are also used to diagnose the intensity and character of tumors.
Some may also undergo a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan or abdominal scan for a thorough inspection of the digestive system or the vital organs adjacent to it. Computed tomography (CT) scan, positron emission tomography (PET) test and X-rays are also some of the very basic methods to detect and diagnose tumors in the early stages of the disease. PAP smear test is also an important diagnostic technique to detect and diagnose the presence of cancerous cells or tumors in the vaginal or uterine areas.
Indications to undergo cancer diagnosis
Breathing problems, abdominal pains, and difficulties in swallowing and digesting food are some of the early indications to undergo a thorough medical examination. Frequent infections and ulcers that do not recover properly by normal medication must be considered for the diagnosis of cancerous cells. Some may also suffer from backache, pains in joints, and difficulties in normal body movements. Considerable loss of appetite, weight loss, anemia, and diarrhea are also direct indications for a few types of cancers like anal, vaginal, uterine, and bowel. Any unnatural bleeding or discharge must be inspected thoroughly. Bone cancers patients may suffer from joint pains.
Cancer diagnosis must be performed under thorough medical supervision and the output should be cross-checked time and again. Cancerous cells develop quite rapidly and consistent monitoring of their behavior is very important. The diagnosis techniques used must be in accordance with the severity of cancer and focus should be on finding the origin of cancerous cells.
Cancer prevention is one of the most basic concepts in understanding the disease. The methods recommended for preventing cancer are not only helpful in preventing the development of cancerous cells but also useful in avoiding their recurrence. Understanding the prevention of cancer is also important to avoid complicated body disorders that are difficult to cure by normal medication.
Idea behind cancer prevention
Cancer cells develop in the body at a considerably fast pace. They invade some of the vital tissues and affect their normal functioning. They also replace the normal cells by the cancerous ones or force such cells to behave abnormally and join the infected cells. This causes severe damage to the infected parts as well as other areas of the body and prevents the normal cells and tissues from working efficiently.
Such cancerous cells have a high tendency to spread quickly by metastasis. They may also infect some of the vital parts of the body and disturb the coordination between various organs. These abnormal cells accumulate to form tumors that appear like lumps. A few infected cells separate from the parent tumors in due course and form separate tumors in the areas they target. Thus, the number of tumors keeps on increasing and the cycle continues till the last cancerous cell is eliminated.
Prevention of cancer is helpful in avoiding such uncontrollable growth of cells in the body. It also helps in curbing the abnormal cell behavior and tries to restrict the infected cells to a particular area, if at all they develop. Thus, it is necessary to understand the prevention techniques in detail.
Cancer prevention guidelines
Cancer is curable only if the tumors are detected and diagnosed in the initial or developing stages. Once the cancerous cells develop a tendency to metastasize, controlling the abnormal cells becomes increasingly complicated. Also, the cancer treatments are quite severe in advanced stages and may put a bad and irreversible impact on the overall functioning of the body. Thus, it is always better to prevent the development of cancerous cells instead of relying on the cancer treatments to eliminate them in due course.
- A strong immune system is the biggest advantage to prevent malignant cells from infecting the body cells and tissues. Weak immune system leads to considerable loss of resistance power. Thus, the normal cells and tissues become inefficient and are unable to oppose the cancerous growth. The malignant tumors grow more freely in such conditions and metastasize without any trouble. A balanced diet is very important to keep your immune system intact. Avoid a diet high in fats and red meat. Regular bodily requirements of vitamins, proteins, and nutrients can be very well fulfilled by including salads and vegetables in your regular diet along with frequent consumption of fruits.
- Regular medical examination is very important to prevent cancerous cells from developing tumors. Tumors can be benign or cancerous. Benign tumors appear almost similar to cancerous ones but are harmless to the body. They do not tend to redevelop and can be easily eliminated by surgery. Cancerous tumors are the ones who redevelop easily and pose a big threat to life. They are very complicated in character and eliminating them is quite tedious. Benign tumors may turn cancerous if not treated in time. Thus, a regular health checkup proves vital to prevent cancer.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common cause for making a person’s body prone to cancerous infection in almost all forms of cancer. The disease is caused due to unsafe sexual activities and having many sex-partners. Avoiding HPV infection can be very advantageous in preventing cancer.
- Personal and family background of cancer may put a person at a disadvantage. In such cases, a regular and thorough medical examination is the only key to protect oneself from cancerous infection. The disease is hereditary and the possibilities of its occurrence in the next generation should not be ignored.
- Proper analysis of symptoms is also important to prevent cancer. Severe and continuous pains in the abdominal or adjacent areas, improper bowel movements, breathing problems, and difficulties in swallowing and digesting food should be put through a thorough medical examination. Some may also suffer from back pains, pain in the anus or adjacent areas, bone pains, joint pains, and difficulties in normal body movements. Such indications are some of the early symptoms of cancerous development and should not be ignored.
- Preventive medical techniques play an important role in defending your body from a cancerous attack. Homeopathy and Ayurveda have come out with some of the most reliable therapies and medicines to make your immune system strong enough to resist cancer cells. Output gained by such therapies is slow as compared to allopathic treatments but the number of side effects is considerably low as compared to those in allopathy. Also, the preventive medication prescribed by Ayurveda and homeopathy focuses more on finding the origin of the disorder rather than just controlling the abnormal cell growth. Thus, these treatments are more long-lasting as compared to allopathy and cause very little damage to the body.
Cancer prevention can be effective only if a proper pattern of cure is followed and the tumors are detected right in the pre-cancerous stages. Biopsy, positron emission tomography (PET) test and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan are some of the contemporary methods to examine the body internally. Some may also go through computed tomography (CT) scan, fine-needle aspiration biopsy, or X-rays to look out for the presence of cancer cells.
Cancer recurrence is quite common in most forms of cancers and is one of the major concerns related to the disease. It deals with wide areas like causes, symptoms, and personal habits that form the basis of the redevelopment of cancerous cells. Advanced diagnosis techniques are available to detect the intensity and character of tumors and prove very helpful in treating the recurrence of cancerous tumors.
Meaning of cancer recurrence
Recurrence of cancer deals primarily with such causes and factors that are responsible for the recurrence of cancer cells. Recurrence of cancer cells basically means the regeneration of abnormal cells in the body even after the patient undergoes cancer treatment.
Cancer is curable if detected early and diagnosed in a proper manner. Chances of recurrence develop when the tumors or the malignant cells are not treated effectively or the immune system of the victim is too weak to resist the cancerous development. Cancerous cells usually recur in the areas adjacent to those treated in the past and target the vital tissues present in the region. Recurred cancer cells can get very intense over a period of time and should be curbed right in the early stages.
Importance of understanding cancer recurrence
Recurrence of malignant tumors is a severe concern and a thorough analysis of the cell abnormalities is necessary to reach the root cause. Understanding the nature of recurrence will benefit the victim in taking early precautions and defending himself from reinvasion by cancerous cells.
Recurrence of cancer also extends to the scope of prescribing an apt treatment to cure malignant cells and the measures to be taken to strengthen the immune system of the body. A strong immune system is one of the major advantages in controlling the abnormal cell growth and is also helpful to fulfill the requirements of vitamins, nutrients, and proteins. Causes and symptoms also form a part of the recurrence of cancer. Thus, a thorough understanding of recurrence can also make us aware of the prime risk factors and early signs of the disease.
Causes of cancer recurrence
Recurrence of cancer can be due to a variety of risk factors and the causes may vary from person to person or region to region. Some of the causes are hereditary, some environmental, and many of them relate to the personal habits of the person. Some cancers are more prone in women than in men and the line of treatment varies accordingly.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been detected in most of the cancer patients regardless of the form and origin of cancer. This virus develops in the body due to unsafe sex practices and multiple sex partners. The virus plays a destructive role in weakening the immune system of the body and makes it highly vulnerable to cancerous attack time and again. Hence, safe and healthy sex is important to prevent from being prone to this virus.
- Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases are also a major cause of the recurrence of malignant tumors in the body. Such infections damage the body cells and tissues badly and prevent them from functioning efficiently. They also disturb the usual cell growth mechanism and pave a way for cell abnormalities.
- Smoking is an important cause of the recurrence of cancer and is related to many types of cancers like abdominal, lung, oral, stomach, neck, and the cancers developing in the digestive system.
- Excess consumption of alcohol is also an important factor leading to the recurrence of cancerous cells. It harms the cells and tissues present in the digestive system, kidney, and liver and may result in the regeneration of malignant cells in these areas.
- Age is one of the basic factors responsible for the recurrence of cancer cells. Cancer is usually common in adults above 45 years and the risk of being prone to the disease increases with age. Pattern of cancer treatment has to be less severe in older age as the body may not be able to sustain harsh treatments. Thus, the chance of eliminating the cancer cells is less and they may recur quite easily.
- Personal and family history of the disease can also put a person at a disadvantage by making him more prone to cancerous attack. Some cancers are hereditary and have high chances of getting transferred from one generation to another. Thus, such persons must be very regular with their medical checkups and diagnose even the slightest of unexpected abnormalities in the body.
Symptoms of cancer recurrence
Symptoms of recurrence of cancer cells are quite similar to those found in cancer. Loss of appetite, unbearable body pains that do not heal by usual medication, an unexpected and considerable loss of weight and appetite, abdominal pains and complications in swallowing and digesting food are some of the early symptoms of cancer and should be taken very seriously. Some may also suffer from infections and ulcers that fail to heal quickly or problems in breathing. All these symptoms are also common in many non-cancerous body disorders but should be diagnosed thoroughly to minimize the risks.
Cancer recurrence is a common event in many patients and a proper line of treatment can be helpful in treating the tumors with minimum damage to the body. Surgery can be prescribed in cases where the tumors are small and can be easily removed completely. Radiation therapy uses radiations to kill tumors and is usually used in severe cases. Chemical treatment is fruitful if the tumors are treatable by simple chemical treatment or in combination with surgery. Recurrence of cancer cells can be controlled only if the treatments undertaken are full proof and reliable.
Cancer therapy is the parent form of cancer treatment and has a much wider scope as compared to the latter. Thus, understanding cancer therapy can help the patients to explore many new avenues related to cancer treatment and help them to get treated in the most suitable and safest manner. Therapies for cancer are quite general in nature and suit well to any form of cancer.
Meaning of cancer therapy
Therapy for cancer is a set of methods used to detect, diagnose, and treat cancerous tumors in the most effective and viable manner. Therapy can be allopathic, homeopathic, or ayurvedic or even the combination of the three. These therapies are designed in a manner that is suitable for the patient and helps to eliminate the malignant cells in the least possible time.
Therapy for cancer is based on consistent cancer research and is usually prescribed in accordance with the contemporary trends. Causes and symptoms of cancer keep changing with times and are also based on the environmental changes or general variations in the habits of people. Thus, the pattern of therapies needs to be updated continuously to get the optimum output.
Importance and aspects of cancer therapy
Therapies for cancer can vary from person to person and also depend upon the character of cancerous tumors. Therapies are usually mild for benign or non-cancerous tumors and the main aim is to prevent such tumors from being cancerous. Cancerous tumors need to be treated much differently as compared to the benign ones and the therapies applied can be harsh depending upon the severity of the disease.
It is important to undergo therapies for cancer well in time because the disease is completely curable only if detected and treated in the initial stages. The chances of eliminating the tumors decreases with the passage of time as the intensity of the cancerous cells steadily increase.
Personal and family history of cancer is an important aspect to be considered while undergoing therapy for the disease. Persons having such a medical background need to be treated differently and intensively as compared to those suffering from the disease for the first time. In the people with previous cancer history, the main aim is not just to control abnormal cells growth but also to prevent the recurrence of malignant tumors in the body.
Many cancers like breast, prostate, penile, vaginal, uterine, and ovarian are gender-related and occur only in specific genders. Such aspects are also considered while shaping an apt therapy for cancer. Age is another important factor to be considered. Most forms of cancers occur in adults above 45 years of age and hence, a regular medical examination is important to implement a viable therapy for cancer.
Forms of cancer therapy
- Allopathic methods are the most commonly used therapies to curb malignant cells. Most of the medicines related to cancer treatment belong to this branch of medication as the output is much faster as compared to other methods like Ayurvedic and homeopathic. Radiotherapy and therapy by chemicals are usually based on allopathic pattern of treatment. Allopathic treatments have a very high number of side effects as compared to other forms and are thus, recommended only when the cancerous growth goes beyond control and needs to be curbed urgently. These treatments can cause permanent damage to the body tissues and prevent them from functioning normally and efficiently.
- Homeopathic therapy is another major type of treatment for a cancer cure. This line of treatment is not as popular as allopathy and is not a proven therapy to eliminate cancer. But homeopathic treatment is found to be highly efficient in minimizing the side effects of the regular cancer treatments. It also helps in strengthening the immune system of the victim and makes him less susceptible to the redevelopment of cancer cells. Also, the side effects of this treatment are very low and can be sustained easily without any major impact to normal body functioning.
- Ayurvedic therapy is also an important form of therapy to cure malignant tumors. It focuses on the root cause of the abnormal cell growth and tries to eliminate the cause itself. These therapies do not have a specific pattern of treatment. The line of treatment varies considerably from person to person and is tailored according to the ability of the patient to handle these treatments. Also, the output obtained through such treatments is quite slow as compared to the allopathic ones but the extent and impact of side effects on the overall functioning is almost negligible.
- Home and natural remedies also form an important basis for proper therapy to treat cancer. Avoiding a fat-rich diet and excess consumption of red meat can be a good remedy to prevent or control abnormal cell growth. A balanced diet is a key to keep the immune system intact and make your body less vulnerable to cancerous attack or spread. Inclusion of vegetables, fruits, and salads in the regular diet can be very helpful to fulfill the body requirements of nutrients, proteins, and vitamins.
Cancer therapy can be effective and reliable only if the cancer cells are detected in the initial stages. Causes and symptoms play an important part in designing a systematic therapy for cancer. Therapy should be taken under thorough medical supervision and any abnormalities in the body functioning should be diagnosed seriously.
Cancer statistics is one of the rare concepts relating to cancer and is of vital importance in carrying out cancer research. Statistics are very important to display the current scenario of cancer in terms of numbers and percentages. It gives a quick review of the number of cancer cases occurring worldwide and highlights the major landmarks achieved in controlling cancerous infections.
Concept of cancer statistics
Statistics for cancer deals with a variety of areas that directly or indirectly relate to an increase or decrease in the number of cancer cases. The figures obtained in statistics are based on empirical methods and scientific calculations.
Statistics are very helpful to sort cancer-related data in a manner convenient for ready reference. The data can be disease-wise, year-wise, region-wise, or any other parameters that may be important at the time of collecting data. Sorting the number of cancer cases on the basis of gender is quite common as some cancers are more prone in men as compared to women and vice-versa.
Statistics for cancer also talks about the category-wise rise or fall in the number of cancer cases and indirectly reflects the efficiency of cancer treatment for that particular form of cancer.
Dimensions of cancer statistics
Statistics for cancer on different types of variations and the data are collected accordingly. Age is one of the most important factors to be considered while collecting data for statistics related to cancer. The disease is common in adults above 45 years and the samples for the survey have to be selected accordingly. Also, the threat of being infected to the cancerous infection increases with age. Thus, statistics are based on various age groups and may vary from time to time.
Another important factor important in calculating statistics for cancer is the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the body. According to studies, HPV has been detected as a major cause in most of the cancer cases irrespective of the origin of cancer cells. Some cancers are more prevalent in a particular part of the world and less common in other areas. Statistics for such forms of cancer need to be calculated differently and the figures are usually limited to that particular area.
Personal habits like smoking, drinking alcohol, and consuming tobacco are some of the other major causes of the disease and must be considered while performing statistics for cancer. Also, statistics prove that the people who are infected by AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) or any other sexually transmitted diseases are more prone to cancer and is considered as an important aspect of cancer statistics.
Important cancer statistics
According to studies conducted by the American Cancer Society, almost 78% of cancer cases occur in adults aged above 55 years. Almost 68% of the overall cancer patients have a survival rate of at least 5 years and has been showing consistent improvement.
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer occurring in males and accounts for around 29% of the overall cancer cases. Lung is the second most common form of cancer in males followed by colorectal cancer. They account for around 14% and 9% of the overall cases. Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer occurring in females and accounts for almost 30% of the overall cancer cases. While the overall percentage of lung and colorectal cancer in females is almost similar to that in males.
Lung cancer is the most common cause of death in both males and females and accounts for 28% and 26% of the overall cancer deaths, respectively. Prostate cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in males accounting for 11% cancer deaths while breast cancer is the second most severe cause of cancer deaths in females accounting for almost 15% of the overall cases. But the 5-year survival rate for breast cancer has improved considerably to 90% and is one of the most treatable cancers worldwide.
The development of cancerous cells in children is rare and accounts for less than 1% of the total cancer cases. Though the number of cases has been increasing considerably, contemporary treatments are efficient enough to detect and treat the tumors right in the early stages and prevent their regeneration. A thorough medical examination is a must if any significant symptoms related to cancer are detected.
Cancer statistics act as important indicators to judge the sufficiency and efficiency of the current medicines and treatment patterns related to cancer. It also acts as a data sheet for cancer research and eases the process of calculating life expectancy, survival rate, and prognosis of cancer. Statistics should be accurate, reliable, and in coordination with the current requirements.
Cancer stages form an important part of cancer treatment. Understanding the stages may give a rough idea of the intensity and nature of cancerous development in the body and help to undergo the most viable treatment to curb or eliminate cancerous tumors.
What are cancer stages?
Cancer is a disease that develops in a particular pattern. The malignant cells target the vital organs of the body one by one and increase the pace of infection with the passage of time. These malignant cells tend to be less active in the initial or developmental stages and do not show any considerable tendency to metastasize. As the cells multiply and spread to other areas of the body, the intensity of cancer gets severe and the chances of complete elimination of cancerous tumors gradually decrease.
Cancer is said to progress from one stage to another as the intensity of malignant cells increase. Usually, the cancer is divided into four stages apart from the initial or pre-cancerous stage. The first stage is the most lenient one while the fourth stage is most severe. These stages are decided on various parameters that may vary from cancer to cancer.
Stages of cancer play an important role in calculating the survival rate, prognosis, and life expectancy for a particular type of cancer. Each cancer has a different survival rate and is mostly calculated by the stage of cancer a victim is going through. Stage pattern also assists in cancer research and treatment and helps to increase the efficiency of therapies.
Dimensions of cancer stages
Stages of cancer take a wide number of variants into consideration to make the diagnosis more reliable and consistent.
- Age is one of the major factors to be considered in staging cancer. Cancer is a disease that develops generally in adults above the age of 45 years and the risk of being vulnerable to cancer attack rises with age. Also, the number of health complications increases with age and alters the overall pattern of cancer treatment to be undertaken. The growth of cancer cells is faster in old people as compared to young ones and thus, the cancer progresses quite rapidly from one stage to another. Hence, the age of the person needs to be considered before deciding on the stage of cancer he is suffering from.
- The origin of tumors is another important aspect to be considered while finalizing the stage of cancer. Cancerous cells can originate in any area of the body and spread to other vital organs through metastasis. But the origin of tumors is the most vital area as the cell abnormality starts mainly in these or adjacent areas. Hence, it becomes very much necessary to detect the origin of tumors for proper diagnosis of the disease and judge its intensity.
- The size of tumors is also an important indicator of the stage of cancer. Usually, the tumors are small in the initial stages and the size increases gradually as the cancer progresses to the next stage.
- Metastasis of cancer cells is not the same in all cancers. It may vary from cancer to cancer and also depend on the immune system of the victim. Weak immune system paves way for fast development and spread of abnormal cells and helps them to metastasize with nominal resistance from the normal body cells and tissues.
- Cell resemblance has also to be considered during the proper detection of cancerous tumors. In some cancers, the malignant cells appear to be quite similar to the normal body cells and tissues. Hence, their detection becomes complicated and time-consuming. This may allow the cancerous tumors to grow and spread rapidly and affects the victim’s body severely.
Stages of cancer
- Stage 0 is considered as the pre-cancerous or the initial stage of cancer. This stage is also known as carcinoma in situ and the tumors can be completely eliminated in this phase. Also, the chance of their recurrence is almost negligible.
- Stage 1 is the phase where the cancerous development actually starts. The cells start behaving abnormally but generally restrict to a particular area. Tumor size is less than 2cm and can be treated by surgery.
- Stage 2 is the phase where the cells begin to grow faster and go beyond the boundaries of the first stage. They are said to be locally advanced. Tumor size can be 2 to 5 cm and can be eliminated by surgical methods.
- Stage 3 is the phase where the tumors exhibit a tendency to metastasize and the cell abnormality gets severe. Cancer cells try to invade lymph nodes and other areas adjacent to the origin of tumors and are in a position to spread to other parts of the body. Tumor size is more than 5cm. surgical methods may be effective if done along with chemical or radiation treatment.
- Stage 4 is the final stage of cancerous infection and the tumors spread to other areas of the body through metastasis. Cell-growth gets uncontrollable and the chances of eliminating tumors are quite less. Harsh treatments like radiation and chemical therapy need to be undertaken to treat the tumors.
Cancer stages form the basis of cancer detection and diagnosis and help in finding the suitability of the victim to a particular pattern of treatment. Stages also display the time taken by the cancerous tumors to progress from one stage to another and help to keep track of the efficiency of the current techniques to treat the malignant tumors by minimizing the side effects and the chances of their regeneration.
Cancer breakthrough acts as a bridge between the cancer research institutes and the cancer victims. Breakthrough is a concept in which the latest findings concerned with various aspects of cancer are discussed in detail. This helps to understand the efficiency of the breakthrough and the assistance it may provide to the current status of cancer cure. Various organizations have been committed to full-fledge cancer research worldwide and are consistently involved in looking out for effectual breakthroughs.
What is cancer breakthrough?
Anything new that occurs in the field of cancer is a breakthrough. It may be in the form of medicines, therapies, causes, or symptoms and can be regional or universal. Breakthrough is backed with consistent empirical research and experiences of the patients and doctors concerned with the disease.
Breakthrough is very helpful in giving new dimensions to cancer treatment and eliminating the redundant ones. The breakthrough may be positive or negative and requires time to prove its reliability. Though the breakthrough is declared after thorough research, outputs of real experiences of patients may differ from those obtained in the laboratories. Hence, one should take advantage of a breakthrough for cancer only after consulting a cancer expert.
Facets of cancer breakthrough
Breakthrough for cancer depends upon a number of factors and the degree of its reliability may vary with times. Some breakthroughs can be effective only for a short tenure while some others may help to change the overall universal pattern of cancer treatment. Breakthrough for cancer is obtained by studying samples and analyzing their responses to a particular pattern of treatment. Patients from different medical background may be considered as samples to increase the scope of the study.
Some factors need to be considered thoroughly while attempting for cancer breakthrough.
- Age is the most basic factor that helps in judging the effectiveness of breakthroughs. Any breakthrough can have a wide scope only when it is effective for patients of all ages. Cancer usually occurs in adults above 45 years and the risk of being infected by cancerous cells increases as a person grows older.
- Personal and family history of cancer should be considered seriously while looking for a breakthrough. Cancer is a highly recurrent disease and the chances of redevelopment of malignant cells should not be ignored. Some forms of cancers are also hereditary and may pass from one generation to another. All such possibilities must be researched before declaring as a breakthrough.
- Personal habits play an important role in judging the reliability of a breakthrough. Habits change with times and the cancer treatments should be contemporary enough to cope up with the new lifestyle and environmental conditions. Personal habits may vary from region to region or lifestyle to lifestyle and a good breakthrough is the one that considers all such variations.
- Previous history of cancer treatment is another important aspect to be considered while relying on a breakthrough. Usually, persons who have undergone cancer treatment in the past are more prone to the redevelopment of cancerous cells. Hence, a breakthrough must be efficient enough to benefit such patients and minimize the complications in treating them.
Important cancer breakthroughs
There have been some landmark breakthroughs in the field of cancer in recent times. Some are in the form of medicines while many others are related to the causes and symptoms of the disease.
According to the studies, plain packaging for cigarettes considerably decreases the appeal to smoke. Smoking is one of the most basic and major causes of cancer and may benefit a large number of cancer victims if this breakthrough proves itself with times. There has been another landmark breakthrough in which the cancer patients have been treated with their own T-cells. T-cells are a kind of white blood cells. Researchers at Pennsylvania have genetically modified such cells to make them efficient enough to attack the malignant cells if the later show tendency to grow rapidly. This finding has proved to be effective particularly in the advanced cases of leukemia. It may increase the survival period of the victim by a year or more.
Treating prostate cancer patients with Androgen deprivation therapy (NADT) has been found to be effective in decreasing the fatality rate by up to 50 percent. Another research relates to the increased level of stress to a considerable rise in the chances of cancer occurrence or recurrence. Also, the malignant cells tend to grow more rapidly if the stress level is high. Stress level can be controlled by taking stress hormone-blocking drugs and is particularly useful to treat breast cancer.
Researchers have recently come up with a therapy that uses a bacterium to treat cancer cells. The bacterium is known as Clostridium Sporogenes and is found in the soil. The bacterium is injected into the cancer patient’s body that later generates an enzyme. This enzyme produces a kind of cancer drug helpful to fight the malignant cells and helps in controlling their growth. Unlike other medical treatments, this therapy comes with very few side effects and is usually harmless to the body cells and tissues. Human papillomavirus (HPV) has also come up as a major cause for the generation of cancerous cells in the body. The virus has been commonly detected in many cancer patients and is quite prevalent in almost all forms of cancers.
Cancer breakthrough plays an important role in giving new dimensions to cancer research and helps in exploring new avenues to understand the disease thoroughly. It also helps in making the necessary changes in the current diagnosis and treatment patterns and enables to make the cancer cure more contemporary and reliable.
Cancer Early Signs
Cancer early signs are the basic indicators of cell abnormality. In the early stages, the signs can be detected in a particular region where the cancerous cells primarily develop and tend to form tumors. Later, as the intensity of tumors increases, the signs can be found on almost any part of the body and may be direct or indirect.
Significance of cancer early signs
Early signs of cancer form the basis of a thorough and reliable cancer diagnosis and treatment. Most of the cancers are curable if the symptoms are rightly interpreted. Diagnosing the symptoms properly helps in the early detection of tumors and helps the victim to approach for an apt cancer treatment right in the initial stages of the disease.
Cancer is a disease that occurs usually in adults above 45 years. Also, the process of detecting tumors gets more complicated and time-consuming as the age increases. The risk of being prone to cancer increases with age and the pattern of early signs indicating the presence of cell abnormalities may also vary accordingly.
Cancer treatment is very severe and comes with a considerable number of side effects. The main aim of treatment is to control or kill the infected cells and prevent the spread or redevelopment of tumors. Thus, it also puts a bad impact on the normal cells and tissues located adjacent to the infected areas and affects the immune system of the victim. Early signs play an important role in minimizing the severity of cancer treatment as the tumors can be detected quite early.
Cancer can be diagnosed using various methods like biopsy, positron emission tomography (PET) test, fine needle aspiration biopsy, ultrasound, and computed tomography (CT) scan. Some other basic tests like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and X-rays are also useful in detecting tumors. Each test serves a different purpose and should be undergone according to the nature and intensity of tumors. Early signs of cancer play a vital role in undergoing the right kind of test and make the detection process more reliable. Early signs of cancer are also helpful to analyze the character and intensity of tumors and predict the tendency of metastasis in the near future. These signs are deeply related to the causes and risk factors of cancer and highly depend on the habits and lifestyle of cancer victims.
Variations in cancer early signs
Early signs of cancer depend upon a variety of factors.
- Personal and family history of cancer is the basic but most important aspect of early signs of cancer. Persons with such medical history are at a high risk of being infected by cancerous tumors. Thus, any indications related to cell abnormalities or unexpected changes in the body functioning should be considered seriously and diagnosed thoroughly for the detection of cancerous cells. Also, the symptoms shown by such people may vary considerably from those who do not have any previous cancer history.
- Cancer type is another major aspect to be considered while interpreting the early signs of cancer. Cancerous cells may originate in various parts of the body like prostate, breast, lungs, abdomen, head and neck areas, colon, rectum, bowels, etc and each type shows unique symptoms of cell abnormalities. Also, the intensity and visibility of symptoms may vary from cancer to cancer.
- The immune system of the victim plays a very important role in the detection of early signs. A strong immune system means better and constructive resistance to the development of cancerous cells. Such persons usually show very basic symptoms and can be cured easily as compared to those with a weak immune system. Also, interpreting early signs and deciding for an apt treatment is much difficult in persons with a weak immune system.
- Age is another common variation in the detection of early signs for cancer. The tumors can be detected much easily in young age but the process gets increasingly complicated as the age of the victim increases. Also, the nature of symptoms keeps varying with age and the process of detection has to be more intense and reliable. Cancer treatment in old age may cause irreversible damage to the body and make the person more prone to regeneration of cancerous tumors. Hence, this aspect needs to be considered very seriously while interpreting the early signs of cancer.
- AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) also alter the pattern of early signs of cancer considerably. The presence of such viruses in the body makes a person physically weak and disturbs the overall immune system. Thus, the symptoms displayed are more intense and complicated as they are quite similar to those displayed in many other non-cancerous disorders. Thus, their thorough diagnosis is very important before considering them as the early signs of cancer.
Important cancer early signs
Abdominal pains, improper digestion of food, and difficulties in swallowing are some of the early signs of cancer originating in the digestive system or areas adjacent to it. Formation of lump is a common sign detected in almost all forms of cancer. People suffering from lung cancer may experience frequent breathing problems and fatigue. Anemia, diarrhea, improper bowel movements, and difficulties in the passage of stools are some of the primary indications of cancerous cells in the bowel.
Bone pains, pain in joints, difficulties in performing normal activities, and frequent bone cracks are some of the early signs of bone cancer. An unexpected loss of weight, a considerable decrease in appetite, and frequent infections or ulcers that fail to heal by usual medication must be diagnosed seriously to detect the presence of cancerous cells.
Cancer early signs are very important to finalize on a particular form of treatment. Surgery is the most common treatment to eliminate the cancerous tumors in the initial stages. Radiation therapy is used to treat tumors that are more intense and possess a tendency to metastasize. Chemical therapy is also another important kind of treatment used to curb cancerous growth. The survival rate and life expectancy of a person largely depends upon the interpretation of early signs followed by the treatment pattern adopted.
Cancer Life Expectancy
Cancer life expectancy is the prime concern of most of the cancer patients worldwide. It is an indicator of the minimum chances of survival of a patient after getting diagnosed for cancer and may vary from person to person. Life expectancy may be different for different stages of cancer and is highest in the first or initial stages.
Significance of cancer life expectancy
Life expectancy is very useful for cancer research as it takes a wide number of factors into consideration and increases the scope of research. Data collected in calculating life expectancy is based on empirical research and is derived using life expectancy calculators. Cancer cases are on the rise and people suffering from various types of cancers are finding it hard to tackle the disease right in the developmental stages.
Cancer treatments are usually harsh and the side effects they cause to patients are quite severe. Life expectancy can be very helpful for such patients to know the approximate status of the disease and the chances of curing the tumors. Life expectancy calculations also provide valuable data for finding out cancer survival rates and cancer prognosis. The pattern of treatment to be followed depends mostly upon the life expectancy as there is no use in recommending a harsh treatment if the chances of survival are low. Similarly, the case where the chances of survival and possibilities of eliminating tumors are quite high, a severe treatment can be recommended.
Dimensions of cancer life expectancy
Life expectancy calculations depend upon a variety of factors and are based on consistent research and breakthroughs for cancer.
- Age is the foremost factor to be considered for calculating life expectancy. Cancer occurs mainly in adults and is more prone to people above 45 years. Thus, the life expectancy gradually decreases with an increase in age. Chances of complete elimination of cancer tumors are almost 100% if the cancer cells are detected in younger people and that too in the initial or developmental stages. Health complications increase with age and thus, the chances of complete elimination of malignant tumors considerably decrease. Also, the incidences of cancer recurrence are quite high in old age. Thus, this factor is necessary to be considered while calculating life expectancy.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been one of the major causes of cancerous development in the body and is detected in most of the patients suffering from cancer irrespective of the form and point of origin of cancerous development. The disease is caused mainly due to unsafe sex practices and leads to weakening the overall immune system of the patient’s body. Hence, the person becomes more vulnerable to frequent infections and cancerous attacks thus, leading to a decrease in life expectancy rate.
- A family history of cancer can put a person at risk as the disease is hereditary and may transfer from one generation to another. The life expectancy of a person also depends upon his genetic patterns and such family history may seriously affect his survival rate in case he suffers from cancerous attack.
- Cancer stages also play an important role in deciding the life expectancy of cancer. According to studies, the rate of survival is highest in the initial stages and decreases considerably with an increase in the intensity of the cancerous cells. The fourth stage is usually considered as the final stage of cancer in which the cells are capable to metastasize and grow rapidly and the chances of eliminating the cancer cells in this stage are almost negligible. Thus, the life expectancy rate is the lowest in this stage.
Cancer life expectancy is usually calculated considering the death rate based on age. Gompertz function is the most common method used to calculate life expectancy though many sophisticated methods have been designed to make the calculations more accurate and reliable. Breast cancer is the most curable form of cancer in females while prostate cancer is the most curable type in males. Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-deaths followed by stomach, colorectal, liver, and breast cancer.
Cancer prognosis is vital to predicting the performance of a specific type of cancer in the near future. The facts and figures obtained through prognosis are very important to calculate the survival rate and life expectancy with respect to various forms of cancer. Cancer can be of various forms and each one is different in many ways. Thus, prognosis should be done using the latest calculation methods and scientific techniques to make it more reliable and practical.
Meaning and significance of cancer prognosis
The prognosis for cancer is a kind of statistical report that gives information about the future course of cancer considering a wide number of possible variations. These variations can be universal or limited to a specific geographic location. It puts a light on the chances of recovery of the cancer victim and tries to predict the chances of regeneration of cancer cells in his body. The prognosis report is very helpful in planning a proper cancer treatment for the patient as it is drafted taking into consideration the conditions specifically applicable to a particular patient or a group of patients experiencing almost similar cancer symptoms and undergoing similar treatment patterns.
Cancer prognosis also plays a guiding role in cancer research and helps to look out for the loopholes in the current patterns of treatment. Prognosis of cancer is a continuous process and the figures may vary from time to time. Any major cancer breakthrough may put a positive or negative impact on the prognosis process.
Factors affecting cancer prognosis
The cancer prognosis process can be reliable and practical only when the facts and figures are obtained by properly studying the nature and intensity of the probable deviations that may impact the findings directly or indirectly.
- Age is one of the important deciding factors for the prognosis of cancer. Cancer occurs usually in adult age and the people above 45 years are more prone to it as compared to young people. Hence, the prognosis may vary with age and the rate of survival generally decreases with an increase in age. This is because a person tends to experience more health complications in old age and treating them becomes increasingly difficult.
- Sex of the victim is another major factor to be considered during the prognosis of cancer. Some cancers like breast, endometrial, uterine, vaginal, and ovarian occur only in females. Other forms of cancer like prostate and penile occur only in males. Thus, the pattern of prognosis has to be very different in such cases as the gender-specific complications need to be taken into consideration.
- Personal history of cancer can be a big variation while calculating prognosis for the disease. People with a medical background of cancer treatment are highly prone to cancer recurrence and thus, the survival rate is lower as compared to those suffering from the infection for the first time. A family history of cancer can also put a person at a disadvantage as the disease is hereditary and may transfer from one generation to another. Such factors need to be studied properly before finalizing a prognosis report.
- Cancer breakthroughs can be good contributors to the process of prognosis. Cancer research is being conducted on a continuous basis to explore new ways to detect, diagnose, and treat cancer. The use of the latest and contemporary techniques makes the process of cancer detection simpler and helps in treating the disease better. This directly influences the survival rate and life expectancy of cancer patients and may alter the prognosis of cancer.
- The health of the person is another important variant to be taken into account for proper prognosis of cancer. Weak immune system is responsible for some of the major disorders in the body and paves way for rapid generation of malignant cells. This directly affects the chances of survival of the cancer patient and decreases the life expectancy rate. A strong immune system can be highly beneficial to prevent the occurrence as well as recurrence of malignant tumors and help to achieve better prognosis figures.
- Cancer type and the location of its origin play an important role in determining the survival rate of the victim. Some cancers spread rapidly and metastasize at a high rate. Cancers originating in some of the vital organs like lungs, bowel, bladder, head and neck areas, abdomen, bone, and skin are more dangerous and may infect many other vital organs in a considerably short period. This may severely damage some of the important body organs and permanently affect the overall functioning of the body. This directly influences the prognosis rate and makes the calculations more complicated.
Cancer prognosis is very important to understand as it directly reflects the efficiency and reliability of the treatment to be undergone. It also helps a cancer patient to choose the right kind of treatment and to undergo the most suitable cure pattern for a type of cancer. It gives an idea about the seriousness of the disease and the future course it may take. Thus, the victim gets a clear picture of the intensity of the infection. Cancer detection techniques and sample surveys form an important part of the prognosis process and should be implemented in a planned manner.
Cancer research is one of the most vital aspects of cancer studies and covers almost all the major concerns of the disease. It helps to explore new methods and techniques for cancer cure and also makes the elimination of redundant techniques easier. Research also benefits in creating mass awareness about cancer by increasing the curiosity of people to know the latest about this disease.
Cancer research and cancer
Cancer is one of the deadliest diseases in the history of mankind. The disease may develop in any person irrespective of age, geographical location, sex, or the body structure. The number of cases and deaths related to cancer are consistently on the rise and the current treatment techniques are insufficient to eliminate the malignant cells and tumors completely. Though the disease is curable if detected in the early stages, the chances of eliminating tumors are considerably less in the later stages.
The cancerous cells may develop in any parts of the body and spread to other areas by the process of metastasis. Also, the abnormal cell-growth is not the same in all types of cancers and may vary according to the origin of cancerous cells. Benign tumors are a part of pre-cancerous stages and may develop into malignant tumors if not treated properly. These tumors appear quite similar to the cancerous ones and must be diagnosed thoroughly for cancerous infection.
Some cancerous cells appear very similar to the normal and healthy body cells and are thus very hard to detect and diagnose. These cells multiply rapidly in an uncontrollable manner and allow very little time to be detected in the initial stages.
A thorough research on cancer in accordance with the contemporary requirements is very necessary to find a feasible solution for the complications that arise during the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer tumors. Research can be related to treatment patterns, diagnosis techniques, post-treatment care, cancer support, survival rate, or even the forms of cancer and their origin.
Research on cancer also helps in providing people with the most feasible solutions for the abnormal cell-growth and guides them about the latest medication options. Allopathy is the most common form of treatment for cancer as it shows fast results. But research on cancer also thrives to explore the possibilities of curing the disease using other major treatments like Ayurveda and homeopathy.
Research on cancer helps to make a comparative analysis of various forms of treatments and judge their relative efficiency taking into consideration the number and severity of side effects they may cause to the victim.
Variants to be considered for cancer research
The origin of tumors is one of the basic variants of research on cancer. The research findings have to be altered according to the origin of cancerous cells as all tumors do not grow with the same intensity or infect the same areas.
- The age of the victim is another major factor to be considered while implementing the outputs of research related to cancer. Any person can be prone to cancerous attacks but, the disease is more prone in adults above 45 years. Research findings may have to be implemented in different patterns for victims belonging to different age groups. Hence, age is one of the basic variants of research on cancer.
- Geographical location is another prime factor to be considered seriously while performing research on cancer. Some cancers are more prevalent in Asian and African countries while some others are quite common in Europe and America. Thus, the numbers of cancer cases detected vary from region to region and depend mainly on the lifestyle and personal habits of the people respectively. Hence, reliable research is very important to treat people according to the geographical location and environmental conditions and minimize the chances of its redevelopment.
- Other health complications are necessary to be considered well during the process of research on cancer. Many people suffer from Human Papillomavirus (HPV), AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) or other sexually transmitted diseases. Also, many victims have a previous history of cancer or cancer treatment that makes them more vulnerable to cancerous development of cells in the body. All such health disorders make the process of cancer detection and diagnosis more complicated and ambiguous and thorough research is the key.
Latest in cancer research
Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been declared as one of the major causes of cancer and has been detected in most of the cancer cases irrespective of their origin. The virus generates due to unsafe sex practices and having multiple sex partners. It weakens the immune system of the body making a person susceptible to cancer invasion.
Attractive display of tobacco advertisements in shopping malls and other commercial areas tempt young people to smoke more and pave way for cancerous development
People suffering from metastatic melanoma can now treat their cell abnormality better by consuming a drug named Yervoy. The drug also acts as a kind of preventive measure to curb the cancerous development in the skin and is recently approved by the U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
A study performed by the American Association for Cancer Research reveals that the women used to smoking and drinking are less likely to benefit from the chemopreventive regimen.
Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the world and carries the risk of making a person vulnerable to cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, diabetes and use of insulin raise the risk of colorectal cancer in men.
According to the studies conducted by MD Anderson, gene therapy has been proved to be effective to treat breast cancer and prevent its recurrence. The therapy directly targets the stubborn breast cancer cells and forces them to carry self-destruction.
Cancer research is very important to judge the validity of current diagnosis and treatment methods and make the necessary change to make them more efficient and contemporary. Cancer treatments are quite harsh and may cause irreversible damage to the victims. Research helps to treat patients in the most appropriate manner suitable to his mental preparedness and body sustainability.
Cancer support has become one of the most desired cancer care patterns in today’s world. It benefits the patient in many ways and the main aim is to decrease the sufferings of cancer patients in the most feasible manner. Support groups are involved in a wide number of activities related to cancer and they try to cover almost all the vital aspects of the disease. Such groups can be national, regional, or global and generally work as charity organizations.
What is cancer support?
Support for cancer basically means a helping hand forwarded to cancer patients to recover faster and become more optimistic about life. Support can be psychological, financial, or medical. The support organizations have certain pre-set goals and support the cancer in their own ways. Support for cancer may also involve improvement in the patterns of cancer research, treatment, detection, and diagnosis and make the process of detecting and treating cancer more efficient and reliable.
Cancer is one of the deadliest diseases in the world and is responsible for the most number of deaths caused due to a body disorder. The cases of occurrence of cancer are consistently on the rise as the disease can develop in any person and at any age. Usually, people above 45 years are more prone to cancerous infection though the malignant tumors may develop even in children.
Cancer treatments are quite severe and put a bad impact on the victim’s body. They may even cause irreparable damage to the victim and create complications in the normal body movements. Hence, support for cancer is very necessary to guide such patients to undergo proper and suitable post-treatment cancer care and recover from the disease in the most efficient way.
What cancer support considers?
Cancer can be of different types and may originate in various vital organs of the body. Some cancers grow gradually and metastasize only to limited areas. While the other forms of cancer grow quite rapidly and infect the vital organs in a considerably short period. Support groups for cancer target the most common forms of cancers that cause severe damage to the body and try to explore new avenues to cure the disease in the least possible time.
- Psychological support is very important for cancer patients. If a patient gets isolated from the society and is depressed mentally, he may not respond well to medication. This would lead to a considerable increase in health complications and decrease the chances of curing cancer in time. Support groups try to make the life of cancer patients more interesting by involving them in various different activities and strive to keep them active and healthy. This provides mental support and a sense of belongingness to the victims and enables them to explore their abilities and talents.
- Family support is very important to treat the cancer patients efficiently. Proper and regular medication is necessary to take the optimum benefits of the medication. Family plays an important role in taking care of tests and medical follow up schedules related to cancer treatment. They also take care of the dietary patterns and other necessary activities of the patient. Hence, family support is very important from the patient’s point of view. Support groups for cancer involve in various activities and seminars to guide the family members regarding the physical and mental status of a cancer patient and try to create a friendly environment at home for the victims.
- Funding for cancer treatment and research is one of the major activities of cancer support organizations. Their main aim is to eliminate the cancer at the earliest. Thus, these organizations provide financial aid or support to the institutes or universities involved in cancer research and create a platform to share the latest findings and breakthroughs in the field of cancer.
- Creating cancer awareness is another important activity of support groups. They indulge in seminars and workshops to make people familiar with the disease and the patterns of treatment. It also provides information about the various detection and diagnosis methods and updates people with the latest findings in the field of cancer.
- Palliative care is another major form of support for cancer. The main focus of this type of care is to minimize the suffering of cancer patients. This type of cure is suitable for all stages of cancer irrespective of the chances of elimination of cancer tumors and is practiced in most of the major support organizations for cancer.
Major cancer support groups
American cancer society is one of the leading support groups committed to eliminate cancer and educate the masses about this disease. It was established in 1913 and has been consistent in its efforts to curb cancer cases.
Macmillan Cancer Support is another major organization supporting the cause of eliminating cancer. It was also known as The Society For The Prevention And Relief Of Cancer and was established in the United Kingdom (UK) in 1911.
Cancer is another important organization founded in 1990 in the United States of America and thrives for reliable support for cancer.
Susan G. Komen for the cure is one of the biggest support groups for cancer and is the largest one to support breast cancer. It was founded in the United States of America in 1982 and was formerly known as Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation. It operates in nearly 50 countries and has the best network of breast cancer survivors. It is also the highest funded organization to support breast cancer.
Cancer support is fruitful only if all the variations are taken into consideration and the support programs are planned accordingly. It is one of the most popular techniques to provide mental support to cancer patients and give them a platform to share their problems and experiences. Support organizations are also important to fund cancer research and assist in exploring novel techniques to prevent or treat cancer in a reliable manner.
Cancer surgery is one of the most basic and common forms of cancer treatment. It is the physical removal of cancerous tumors from the body and is quite effective in the early stages of the disease. A proper and efficient post-treatment care is very important to gain maximum from the surgery. This also helps in avoiding the recurrence of cancerous cells and minimizing the side effects of cancer treatment.
What is cancer surgery?
Cancer surgery basically means the removal of cancerous or pre-cancerous tumors by surgical methods. Surgery is performed only if the chances of treating tumors are high. This method is less intense as compared to chemotherapy and radiation therapy and usually comes with fewer side effects.
Surgery for cancer has to be performed at the point of origin of the cancerous tumor. The process involves either repairing or removing a part of the body and depends on the organ in which the malignant tumors originate. An attempt is made to remove the infected cells and tissues if they have not spread to large areas thus, causing the least damage to the infected organ. The whole of the organ is removed by surgery if the tumors exhibit a tendency to metastasize and are in a position to spread to other areas through the bloodstream and lymph nodes.
Cancer may also be caused due to hereditary reasons, genetic factors, or hormonal disorders. Those having personal or family history of cancer are highly prone to cancer invasion and need a severe treatment to curb cancerous growth. Surgery can be recommended to such victims but has to be combined with other forms of treatment like exposure to radiation or chemicals. These treatments are usually recommended in the second or third stage of the disease where surgical methods alone prove inefficient.
Factors considered for cancer surgery
- Age is one of the basic factors considered before recommending surgery for cancer. The disease is more prevalent in adults and the risk of cancerous infection increases with age. Also, old people suffer more health complications as compared to young adults and the pattern of treatment to be followed differs accordingly. Cancer recovery is slower in old people as compared to young ones and the treatment to be undertaken has to suit their body sustainability. Hence, the age of the victim must be considered to judge the feasibility of surgery for cancer.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the major causes of the generation of cancer cells in the body. It is caused due to unhealthy sex practices and involvement in multiple sex-partners. Such people may not benefit sufficiently from surgical methods alone as their body resistance is considerably weak to oppose the redevelopment of tumors. People suffering from AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and other sexually transmitted diseases are also not that responsive to surgical methods of treating cancer and may have to undergo an advanced form of treatment.
- The immune system of the person has also to be considered before recommending surgery. People with weak immune systems require more time to recover from cancer treatments and post-treatment care has to be more systematic and planned as compared to those with a strong immune system. Also, basic health issues like infections and ulcers may pave the way for the generation of malignant tumors if the immune system is weak. Thus, surgery may not be a practical option to treat tumors that develop in such people.
- Location and stage of cancer is also important to decide whether the tumor can be eliminated by surgery. Some cancers develop fast and metastasize at a high rate. Especially the cancers that develop in vital organs like blood, lymph nodes, bones, skin, lungs, or abdomen attack some of the vital body parts right in the initial stages and spread uncontrollably. In such cancers, it is very difficult to detect the origin of cancerous cells and restrict them in a particular area. Thus, surgical methods are not effective in such cases. Also, the intensity of different cancers can be different even though they belong to similar stages. Thus, the severity of blood cancer may be different in the third stage as compared to the severity of bone cancer in the same stage. Thus, both location and stage of cancer is important.
Types of cancer surgery
Surgery for cancer can be of various types and mostly depends upon the sustainability of the patient to withstand the treatment.
- Laser surgery – Powerful and focused beam of light is passed to kill the tumor cells and prevent their redevelopment
- Electrosurgery – An electric current of high-frequency is passed to destroy the infected cells. They may also affect the adjacent areas but usually do not cause serious damage to healthy cells and tissues.
- Cryosurgery – Liquid nitrogen is sprayed on the abnormal cells. This freezes the infected area to a limit intolerable to cancer cells and kills them instantly.
- Laparoscopic surgery – It is commonly used in treating hernias and removing gallbladders. A thin, flexible tube is passed into the body to detect and treat the malignant tumors. It is also used as an important diagnostic technique in many types of cancers.
Cancer surgery plays a vital role in treating the disease with minimum damage to the body. Most of the cancers are completely treatable if detected and diagnosed in the early stages. Thus, understanding surgery for cancer is very important in such cases. The pattern of surgery largely depends on the type of diagnosis techniques used and the intensity of medication undergone to treat other body disorders which may not be necessarily cancerous.
Cancer Survival Rate
Cancer survival rate is very important to understand the progress of cancer in recent years. Is also gives an idea about the efficiency and reliability of cancer cure and the necessary changes to be made in treatment patterns. Survival rates can be different for different regions and may also depend on the form, origin, and intensity of cancer. It is also different for males and females.
What is the cancer survival rate?
The survival rate for cancer usually means the chances of survival of a cancer patient after suffering from a particular stage of the disease. The rate is generally calculated for five years after the diagnosis of the disease and may vary according to the health of the victim it is very useful to know the prognosis and life expectancy of a particular type of cancer.
Survival rate plays a vital role in understanding the effectiveness of treatment in a particular stage of the disease and helps to improve the pattern of treatment to be followed for the victim. The survival rate can be absolute or relative in nature and depends upon what kind of output is desired of the study. Survival rate and diagnosis are highly inter-related and the efficiency of the later paves way for improvement in the former.
Types of cancer survival rates
The survival rate for cancer can be relative or absolute in nature. Different organizations may consider different rates and usually depend on the aim of the study.
- The relative survival rate for cancer – In this type of survival rate, the percentage of cancer patients alive for at least five years after diagnosis are divided by the percentage of general people (belonging to the same sex and age) alive after five years. At times, the rate can be even 100% or more as compared to the survival rate of the general population taken into consideration. Proper health checkups and prompt medical treatments are the main factors for such a high survival rate. Some cancer victims have better access to the best of the medical treatments for cancer and thus, survive more than the general public of their age and sex. This again depends on the type and intensity of cancer and is not universal.
- Absolute survival rate of cancer – It is independent of any comparisons and is a simple calculation of the percentage of people surviving in the post-diagnosis of cancer. The period of survival considered to derive survival rate is generally for five years and various parameters like age, sex, geographical location, and type of cancer are considered while finding the absolute survival rate.
Dimensions of cancer survival rate
The survival rate for cancer can be reliable and efficient only if calculated considering the basic variations and possibilities.
- The type and origin of cancer is one of the foremost variations to be considered while calculating a suitable survival rate. Each form of cancer has a unique pattern and pace of growth. Some may metastasize rapidly while some others may not spread at all. These characteristics help in framing a proper survival rate and assist in understanding life expectancy and prognosis better.
- The age of the victim is closely related to the survival rate. Cancer is a cell abnormality that usually occurs in adults and is more common in people above the age of 45 years. Cancer recovery is faster in young adults as compared to old people. Also, the number of health complications increases with age, and the ability of the body to fight cancerous infections gradually decreases. Thus, the survival rate also varies accordingly and is better in young people.
- Sex is another basic dimension of the survival rate for cancer. Cancers occur in different numbers in males and females and may not grow with the same intensity and pattern in both genders. Thus, the survival rate also varies accordingly. Some cancers like prostate and penile occur only in males while some others like vaginal, uterine, ovarian, and breast occur only in females. Thus, the survival rates considered in such cases are gender-specific.
- Geographical factors also put an impact on the overall survival rate of cancer. Different weather conditions, living habits, temperature differences, and varied diet patterns and lifestyle are some of the principal deciding factors in the growth of abnormal cells in the body. They may affect the immune system of a person and make him more susceptible to cancer infection.
- The immune system has to be considered thoroughly while finding the survival rate for cancer. Some of the health issues like AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) have been detected as prime causes in most of the cancers and decrease the chances of survival of the victim. Hence, the survival rate is generally low for people having a history of such disorders.
Cancer survival rate facts and figures
United States of America leads the survival rate statistics in both males and females. According to American Cancer Society, the survival rate for breast cancer has shown a dramatic increase in the recent years and is almost 90% if the cancer has spread to areas adjacent to the breast while it is 98% in the cases where the cancerous tumors have restricted themselves to a particular area. Lung cancer is one of the major forms of cancer occurring in both males and females. This type of cancer has also shown a considerable improvement over the years and its survival rate stands at around 43%.
Prostate cancers are one of the most treatable cancers worldwide and shown a survival rate of almost 100%. Its 15-year survival rate stands at 82%, 10-year rate at 95%, and the 5-year rate at 99.6%.
Cancer survival rate has been consistently improving by the virtue of the latest cancer treatment patterns and techniques. Though the numbers of cases related to cancer are consistently on rise irrespective of the type and origin of cancer, early detection of tumors have benefited considerably in improving the survival rate. Cancer awareness causes by many support groups and cancer research organizations are also one of the prime reasons for a better survival rate of cancer.
Rebecca Marie, MA, LMHC, LPC, MAA is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and is an expert in anxiety, stress, depression, and relationship issues.